Nigeria’s inflation rate drops to 11.22%, lowest in 11 months

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Nigeria’s consumer price index, which measures inflation, drops to 11.22% in June 2019. This is revealed in the latest inflation report released, today, by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

According to the NBS report, inflation dropped by 0.18% points year-on-year, lower than the 11.40% rate recorded in May 2019.

Food Index: In the month of June, the NBS report shows Food inflation slowed down at 13.56% from 13.79% in the previous month.

  • The Bureau noted that the rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of Bread and cereals, Meat, Oils and fats, Potatoes, yam and other tubers, Fish, Vegetables and fruits. 
  • The average annual rate of change of the Food sub-index over the previous twelve-month average was 13.42%, which was 0.05% points higher from the average annual rate of change recorded in May 2019.

All food items: Nigeria’s core inflation which proxies food items stood at 8.8% in June 2019. On a month-on-month basis, the core inflation sub-index increased by 0.85% in June 2019.

  • NBS revealed that the highest price increases were recorded in items such as Medical and hospital services, Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing, Repair and hire of footwear and Repair of household appliances.
  • Other items listed by the Bureau include Actual and imputed rentals for housing, Major household appliances whether electronic or not and tobacco.

Rural and Urban Inflation: In June, urban inflation dropped to 11.61% from 11.76% on a year-on-year basis, while the rural inflation rate increased by 10.87% in June 2019.

  • On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.10% in June 2019, up by 0.05point.
  • The rural index also rose by 1.05% in June 2019, up by 0.02 points from the rate recorded in May 2019.
  • On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.10% in June 2019, up by 0.05 from 1.15% recorded in May 2019, while the rural index also rose by 1.05%.

Inflation drops to 11 month low: The latest inflation data shows that Nigeria’s inflation dropped to almost a year low in June. Basically, Nigeria’s inflation has been fluctuating in recent months.

  • In December 2018, inflation hits a high of 11.44%
  • After over three months of decline between January to March 2019, inflation rose again in April due to increases in prices of Medical services, Hospital services, Dental Services, Tobacco, Vehicle spare parts and Major household appliances.
  • Meanwhile, the latest report shows that the inflation rate drops to 11 months low.

Nigeria's Inflation

How the economy may reacts: As inflation inches up to almost a year low, it implies all affected items captured by the Bureau witnessed a slow rise in their prices. It is important to note that slow down food price spikes tend to be more temporal which is mostly triggered by a surplus supply of goods in relation to demand.

  • Controlling inflation is seen as a healthy stimulus for the economy as a whole, but it can also be quite challenging to keep in check.
  • The latest drop in inflation means a slow rise in the average prices of food and other items.
  • This suggests that consumers’ purchasing power may have improved within the period. Hence, companies’ inventories of goods affected may decline, which means an improvement in sales volume and revenue.
  • Also, demand for certain items may improve which will spur domestic production
  • Lastly, the latest drop in inflation rate falls in line with the Central Bank’s inflation targetting policy, aimed at driving inflation to a single digit.



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